If you suspect a speech-language disorder
this is a typical process to determine eligibility. "Does my child need Speech?"
"How can my child receive Speech services?"
"My child's teacher says he might need Speech.  What does that mean?"

These are commonly asked questions about Speech and Language services.  

To qualify for Speech and Language services, a series of steps must occur.

First, after someone (parent or teacher, for example) brings a concern to the speech pathologist regarding a student's speech or language skills, the speech pathologist screens the student.  This might include observing the student in class, talking with the student one-on-one, talking with the teacher, and reviewing the student's school file.

If it is decided after the screening that further testing is necessary, a meeting is held.  This meeting is called the Review of Existing Evaluation Data (REED).  At this meeting, the parents, teacher, and members of the Instructional Support Team will meet and discuss the student.  During this meeting, the necessary evaluations and/or observations will be determined.  Also at this meeting, a MET/IEP may be scheduled to go over the results of the evaluation.

One main qualifier to receive speech-language services in the schools is that the disorder effects the student's progress in the general education curriculum.  
    1.  there needs to be a presenting impairment or disorder  
    2.  the disorder needs to affect the students academic progress

At the middle school level this is discussed within the MET team at length.  Class content gets more difficult and there is less time in each class.  The best interest of the student is discussed at length using input from teachers, speech-pathologist, parents and other members of the MET team.  

Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team Meeting (MET) is the meeting to review the results of the evaluation and determine the student's eligibility, if any.  Following the MET, the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) may be developed.  The IEP plans out what goals the student will work on, how many hours a week the student will work on these goals, and if any modifications or accommodations are necessary to aid in academic success.

Once the IEP is in effect, the student may begin receiving services.

The timeline from initial referral to final IEP varies, but it must be finalized within 30 schools days, unless there are special circumstances.

**This is a typical outline of how one goes about receiving Speech and Language services (or any Special Education services).  It is important to keep in mind that varying circumstances may alter the outline slightly.